In 1972, he started working for the Caisse des dépôts et consignations. In 1992, he joined the Lagardère Group and served as Chairman of the Supervisory Board of Banque Arjil until 1993. In 1993, he was appointed as Managing Director of the Lagardère Group and helped restructure the Matra Group. He also helped create EADS, and was its CEO from 2000 to 2005. In 2008, he was appointed as Chairman of the Board of Alcatel-Lucent.
From 1996 to 2001, he served on the French supervisory authority for the financial markets. From 2001 to 2005, he was the President of GIFAS. He now serves as co-managing partner of the Lagardère Group and Senior Managing Director of investment bank Evercore Partners. He also serves on the boards of directors of Crédit Agricole, Accor, and Schlumberger. He is also a member of the Paris Europlace Association.
Alcatel-Lucent is a French global telecommunications equipment company, headquartered in the 7th arrondissement of Paris, France. The company focuses on fixed, mobile, and converged networking hardware, IP technologies, software, and services. Alcatel-Lucent has operations in more than 130 countries. In 2012 it was ranked technology supersector leader in the Dow Jones Sustainability Index.